En savoir plus sur l'exobiologie

Dossier - Exobiologie : quelle est l'origine de la vie dans l'univers ?
DossierClassé sous :Astronomie , exobiologie , astrobiologie

L'obsédante question de savoir si nous sommes seuls dans l'univers et si, d'une manière plus générale, la vie est universelle, n'a toujours pas reçu de réponse à ce jour. Alors quelle est donc l'origine de la vie dans l'univers ?

DossiersExobiologie : quelle est l'origine de la vie dans l'univers ?

Pour en savoir plus sur l'exobiologie, parcourez les sources indiquées par l'auteur. 

Comment en savoir plus sur l'exobiologie ? © Mark R, Shutterstock


  • L'évolution chimique et les origines de la vie, Brack, A. et Raulin, F.,  Masson (1991).
  • The molecular origins of life: assembling pieces of the puzzle, ed. A. Brack, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1998).
  • La chimie du vivant. De la protéine à la photosynthèse, Brack, A. et Mathis, P., Quatre à Quatre, Le Pommier (2000).
  • An Introduction to Astrobiology, Gilmour, I. & Sephton, M.A.. The Open University and Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2003).
  • La vie est-elle universelle ? Brack, A. et Leclercq, B., EDP Sciences (2003).
  • Et la matière devint vivante, Brack, A. Le Collège de la Cité, éditions Le Pommier (2004).
  • Life in the Solar System and beyond, Jones, B.W., Springer-Praxis, ISBN 1-85233-101-1 (2004).
  • Looking for life. Searching the Solar System, Clancy, P., Brack, A. & Horneck, G., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2005).
  • Lectures in Astrobiology, eds. M. Gargaud, B. Barbier, H. Martin & J. Reisse, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005).
  • Chemische Evolution, Rauchfuss, H., Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg (2005).


  • Bailey J, Chrysostomou A, Hough JH, Gledhill TM, McCall A, Clark S, Ménard F, Tamura M (1998). "Circular polarization in star formation regions: implications for biomolecular homochirality", Science, 281, 672-674.
  • Barbier B, Brack A (1992). "Conformation-controlled hydrolysis of polyribonucleotides by sequential basic polypeptides". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 114, 3511-3515.
  • Bernal JD (1949). "The Physical Basis of Life". Proc. Roy. Soc. London 357A, 537-558.
  • Bertrand M, Buré C, Fleury F, Brack A (2001). Prebiotic polymerisation of amino acid thioesters on mineral surfaces. in Geochemistry and the Origin of Life, Eds. S. Nakashima, S. Maruyama, A. Brack & B.F. Windley, Universal Academy Press, Inc., Tokyo, Japon, pp. 51-60.
  • Boillot F, Chabin A, Buré C, Venet M, Belsky A, Bertrand-Urbaniak M, Delmas A, Brack A, Barbier B (2002). The Perseus exobiology mission on MIR: behaviour of amino acids and peptides in Earth orbit. Origins Life Evol. Biosphere 32, 359-385.
  • Brack A (1980). β-Structures of polypeptides with L- and D-residues. Part III. Experimental evidences for enrichment in enantiomers. J. Mol. Evol. 15, 231-238.
  • Brack A (1982). Aqueous polymerization of L-amino acid active esters in bicarbonate solution via Leuchs' anhydrides. Origins Life Evol. Biosphere 15, 201-207.
  • Brack A (1987). Selective emergence and survival of early polypeptides in water. Origins Life Evol. Biosphere 17, 367-379.
  • Brack A (1993). From amino acids to prebiotic active peptides: a chemical reconstitution. Pure & Appl. Chem. 65, 1143-1151. 
  • Brack A(2001). Water, the spring of life, in Astrobiology. The Quest for the conditions of life. Eds. G. Horneck et C. Baumstark-Khan, Springer, Berlin, 79-88.
  • Brack A, Orgel LE (1975). "β-structures of alternating polypeptides and their possible prebiotic significance". Nature 256, 383-387.
  • Brack A, Baglioni P, Borruat G, Brandstätter F, Demets R, Edwards HGM, Genge M, Kurat G, Miller MF, Newton EM, Pillinger CT, Roten C-A, Wäsch E (2002). "Do meteoroids of sedimentary origin survive terrestrial atmospheric entry? The ESA artificial meteorite experiment STONE". Planet. Space Science 50, 763-772.  
  • Brasier MD, Green OR, Jephcoat AP, Kleppe AK, van Kranendonk M, Lindsay JF, Steele A, Grassineau N (2002). "Questioning the evidence for Earth's oldest fossils". Nature 416, 76-81.
  • Burmeister J (1998). Self-replication and autocatalysis, in The molecular origins of life: assembling pieces of the puzzle, ed. A. Brack, pp. 295-312, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Cronin JR, Pizzarello S (1997). "Enantiomeric excesses in meteoritic amino acids". Science 275, 951-955. 
  • de Duve C (1998). Possible starts for primitive life. Clues from present-day biology: the thioester world, in The molecular origins of life:  assembling pieces of the puzzle, ed. A. Brack, pp. 219-236, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 
  • de Duve C (2003). A research proposal on the origin of life. Origins Life Evol. Biosphere 33, 559-574.
  • de Saint Exupéry A (1959). In Terre des Hommes, La Pléiade, p. 258.
  • Deamer DW (1985). "Boundary structures are formed by organic components of the Murchison carbonaceous chondrite", Nature 317, 792-794.
  • Ehrenfreund P, Charnley SB (2000). "Organic molecules in the interstellar medium, comets and meteorites", Ann. Review Astron. Astrophys. 38, 427-483.
  • Eschenmoser A (1999). "Chemical etiology of nucleic acid structure". Science 284, 2118-2124.
  • Ferris JP, Hill AR, Jr, Liu R and Orgel LE (1996) "Synthesis of long prebiotic oligomers on mineral surfaces". Nature 381, 59-61.
  • Hill Jr. AR, Böhler C, Orgel LE (1998). Polymerization on the rocks: Negatively-charged α-amino acids. Origins Life Evol. Biosphere 28, 235-243.
  • Holm NG, Charlou, J-L (2001). "Initial indications of abiotic formation of hydrocarbons in the Rainbow ultramafic hydrothermal system, Mid-Atlantic ridge". - Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 191, 1-8.
  • Imai E-i, Honda H, Hatori K, "Brack A and Matsuno K (1999) Elongation of oligopeptides in a simulated submarine hydrothermal system". Science 283, 831-833.
  • Inoue T, Orgel LE (1982). "Oligomerization of guanosine 5'-phosphor 2-methylimidazolide on poly(C). An RNA polymerase model". J. Mol. Biol. 162, 204-217.
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory / NASAMars Meteorites (2006).
  • Joyce GF, Visser GM, van Boeckel CAA, van Boom JH, Orgel LE, van Westrenen J (1984). "Chiral selection in polyC-directed synthesis of oligo(G)". Nature 310, 602-604.
  • Koppitz M, Nielsen PE, Orgel LE (1998). "Formation of oligonucleotide-PNA-chimeras by template-directed ligation". J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 120, 4563-4569.
  • Luther A, Brandsch R, von Kiedrowski G. (1998). "Surface-promoted replication and exponential amplification of DNA analogues". Nature 396, 245-248.
  • Maurette M (1998). Micrometeorites on the early Earth. in The molecular origins of life:  assembling pieces of the puzzle, ed. A. Brack, pp. 147-186, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Maurette M, Duprat J, Engrand C, Gounelle M, Kurat, G, Matrajt G and Toppani A (2000). "Accretion of neon, organics, CO2, nitrogen and water rom large interplanetary dust particles on the early Earth". Planet. Space Sci. 48, 1117-1137.
  • Maurette M, Matrajt G, Gounelle M, Engrand C, Duprat J (2001). La matière extraterrestre primitive et les mystères de nos origines. In L'Evironnement de la Terre Primitive, eds. M. Gargaud, D. Despois, J.P.- Parisot, p. 99-127, Presses Univ. Bordeaux.
  • Mayor M D, Queloz D (1995). "A Jupiter-mass companion to a solar-type star". Nature 378, 355-359.
  • McKay DS, Gibson EK, Thomas-Keprta KL, Vali H, Romanek CS, Clemett SJ, Chillier XDF, Maedling CR, Zare RN (1996). "Search for past life on Mars: possible relic biogenic activity in Martian meteorite ALH84001". Science 273, 924-930.
  • Meierhenrich UJ, Nahon L, Alcaraz C, Bredehöft JH, Hoffmann SV, Barbier B, Brack A (2005). Asymmetric Vacuum UV photolysis of the amino acid leucine in the solid state. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 44, 2-5.
  • Miller SL (1953). "The production of amino acids under possible primitive Earth conditions". Science 117, 528-529.
  • Mojzsis SJ, Arrhenius G, Keegan KD, Harrison TH, Nutman AP, Friend CLR (1996). "Evidence for life on Earth before 3,800 million years ago". Nature 384, 55-59.
  • Monod J (1970). In Le hasard et la nécessité, éditions du Seuil, Points, p.183.
  • Munoz Caro GM, Meierhenrich UJ, Schutte WA, Barbier B, Arcones Segovia A, Rosenbauer H, Thiemann WH-P, Brack A, Greenberg, JM (2002). "Amino acids from ultraviolet irradiation of interstellar ice analogues". Nature 416, 403-405.
  • Niemann HB et al. (2005). "The abundances of constituents of Titan's atmosphere from the GC-MS instrument on the Huygens probe". Nature 438, 779-784.
  • Ogata Y, Imai E-I, Honda H, Hatori K, Matsuno K (2000). Hydrothermal circulation of seawater through hot vents and contribution of interface chemistry to prebiotic synthesis. Origins Life Evol. Biosphere 30, 527-537.
  • Ourisson G, Nakatani Y (1994). "The terpenoid theory of the origin of cellular life : the evolution of terpenoids to cholesterol". Chemistry and Biology 1, 11-23.
  • Pizzarello S, Cronin JR (2000). Non-racemic amino-acids in the Murray and Murchison meteorites. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 64(2), 329-338.
  • Ryder G (2003). "Bombardment of the Hadean Earth: Wholesome or Deleterious?" Astrobiology 3, 3-6.
  • Schidlowski M (1987). "Application of stable carbon isotopes to early biochemical evolution on Earth", Annual Rev. Earth & Planetary Science 15, 47-72.
  • Schöning K-U, Scholz P, Guntha S, Wu X, Krishnamurthy R, Eschenmoser A (2000). "Chemical etiology of nucleic acid structure: the α-threofuranosyl-(3'->2') oligonucleotide system". Science 290, 1347-1351.
  • Schopf JW (1993). "Microfossils of the Early Archean Apex Chert: new evidence of the antiquity of life". Science 260, 640-646. 
  • Schopf JW, Kudryavtsvev AB, Agresti DG, Wdowiak TJ, Czaja AD (2002). "Laser-Raman imagery of Earth's earliest fossils". Nature 416, 73-76.
  • Taillades J, Collet H, Garrel L, Beuzelin I, Boiteau L, Choukroun H, Commeyras A (1999). N-carbamoyl amino acid solid-gas nitrosation by NO/NOx : a new route to oligopeptides via ?-amino acid N-carboxyanhydride. Prebiotic implication. J. Mol. Evol. 48, 638-645.
  • Wächtershäuser G (1994) Life in a ligand sphere. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 4283-4287.
  • Wächtershäuser G (1998). Origin of life in an iron-sulfur world, in The molecular origins of life: assembling pieces of the puzzle, ed. A. Brack, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 206-218.
  • Westall F (2005). "Life on the early Earth: a sedimentary view". Science 308, 366-337.
  • Westall F and Southam G (2006). The early record of life, in Archean Geodynamics and Environments, eds. K. Benn, J.-C. Mareschal and K.C. Condie, pp. 283-304, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC.
  • Wilde SA, Valley JW, Peck WH, Graham CM (2001). "Evidence from detrital zircons for the existence of continental crust and oceans on the Earth 4.4 Gyr ago". Nature 409, 175-178.
  • Zaug AJ, Cech TR (1986), "The intervening sequence RNA of Tetrahymena is an enzyme", Science 231, 470-475.